School Seminar: Prof. Nathan Gianneschi, Northwestern University
Friday, 23 June 11:00am – 12:00pm
This seminar will be delivered in Chemistry Lecture Theatre 4 and Online (Zoom) Please email firstname.lastname@example.org for zoom link and password.
Speaker: Prof. Nathan Gianneschi, Northwestern University
Host: Prof Louis Rendina
Title: Polymers as Therapeutics: A Proteomimetic Materials Approach to Expanding the Druggable Proteome
Abstract: In this presentation, we will describe a class of proteomimetic material based on a polymer chemistry approach and their development as a novel therapeutic modality.
These Protein-Like Polymers (PLPs), are peptide-brush polymers composed from monomers, each containing a peptide side-chain. Peptides organized in this manner imbue polymers with a range of functional qualities inherent to their specific sequence. Therefore, polymers otherwise lacking bioactivity can now bind proteins, enter cells and tissues, have controlled and switchable biodistribution patterns, and exhibit exceptionally long half lives in circulation (days to weeks). Synergistically with the peptide influencing the polymer, the polymer enforces changes in peptide activity and function by virtue of packing and constraining the peptide. For example, the scaffold can protect the peptide from proteolysis, change the pharmacokinetic profile of an intravenously injected peptide, increase the cellular uptake of an otherwise cell impermeable therapeutic peptide, or change peptide biological activity. Moreover, in addition to the sequence-controlled peptides (generated by solid phase synthesis) the polymer can carry its own sequence-dependent information, especially through living polymerization strategies allowing well-defined blocks and terminal labels (dyes, contrast agents, charged moieties). Hence, the two elements, peptide and polymer, cooperate to yield materials with unique function and properties quite apart from each alone.
Herein, we describe the development this class of biomolecule polymer conjugate, discuss their physicochemical and structural properties and will describe their utility in a range of settings, including as a new type of therapeutic modality. We will highlight some examples including their ability to engage high value, critical intracellular protein-protein interactions especially among intrinsically disordered transcription factors responsible for driving neurodegenerative disease and cancer.
Bio: Nathan C. Gianneschi received his B.Sc(Hons) at the University of Adelaide, Australia in 1999 under Louis Rendina. In 2005 he completed his Ph.D at Northwestern University, with Chad Mirkin. Following a Dow Chemical postdoctoral fellowship at The Scripps Research Institute with Reza Ghadiri, in 2008 he began his independent career at the University of California, San Diego where, until June 2017, he was Teddy Traylor Scholar and Professor of Chemistry & Biochemistry, NanoEngineering and Materials Science & Engineering. In July of 2017, Gianneschi moved his research group to Northwestern University where he is currently Jacob & Rosaline Cohn Professor of Chemistry, Materials Science & Engineering, and Biomedical Engineering. The Gianneschi group takes an interdisciplinary approach to nanomaterials research with a focus on multifunctional materials with interests that include biomedical applications, programmed interactions with biomolecules and cells, and basic research into nanoscale materials design, synthesis and characterization. For this work he has been awarded the NIH Director’s New Innovator Award, the NIH Director’s Transformative Research Award and the White House’s highest honor for young scientists and engineers with a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. Prof. Gianneschi was awarded a Dreyfus Foundation Fellowship, is a Kavli Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and is an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow.